Journal Article

IDS Bulletin Vol. 46 Nos. 2

Challenges of Measuring Graduation in Rwanda

Published on 19 March 2015

Rwanda demonstrates how a process of community consultation and participation is able to identify and rank community members according to ‘social poverty’, drawing on the Ubudehe tradition which is considered a strength of Rwanda’s social fabric. However, with the Ubudehe categorisation now the basis for determining eligibility to a range of social benefits, the process has come under some strain.

This article highlights two issues related to targeting and graduation: (1) the difficulty in identifying the poor/non-poor and ranking the population using community participatory techniques; and (2) the sensitivity of eligibility criteria and graduation thresholds to different targeting modalities. Our primary interest is to establish whether improvements for identifying the poor and non-poor can be made without undermining community ownership and what these improvements would look like. This will be useful for policymakers in Rwanda as the new five-year development strategy places importance on graduating households out of extreme poverty.

Related Content

This article comes from the IDS Bulletin 46.2 (2015) Challenges of Measuring Graduation in Rwanda

Cite this publication

Sabates-Wheeler, R., Yates, S., Wylde, E. and Gatsinzi, J. (2015) Challenges of Measuring Graduation in Rwanda. IDS Bulletin 46(2): 103-114


Rachel Sabates-Wheeler

Research Fellow

Samantha Yates
Emily Wylde
Justine Gatsinzi

Publication details

published by
Institute of Development Studies


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