While entitlement protection is intrinsically a short-term task, building flexible and effective response mechanisms is a long-term one. So a more comprehensive research agenda is needed – especially in the context of countries/regions characterised by low and varying yields and with limited opportunities for trade with the rest of the world.
A case is, therefore, made for prioritisation of agricultural research, a pivotal role for the private sector and expansion of technology. Institutions matter a great deal, as ownership and access rights to natural resources (land, water) can have a significant impact on incentives to adopt sustainable agricultural options.
This article comes from the IDS Bulletin 41.6 (2010) Commentary on ‘Does Research Reduce Poverty? Assessing the Impacts of Policy Oriented Research in Agriculture’