Devereux and Sabates-Wheeler’s Transformative Social Protection framework steps into new territory by addressing not only transitory, shock-induced poverty, but also chronic and structural poverty that
endures both before and after a crisis.
The framework then, is significantly broader than more common resource transfer models. Moving beyond economic safety nets, the Transformative Social Protection (TSP) approach wants to address social inequalities and abuses of power.
Further, Devereux and Sabates-Wheeler (2004) recognise that in practice, neither the market nor the state deliver protective measures infallibly, and their model therefore reintroduces communal and collective sources of protection.