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Inequalities and Poverty

IDS works with global partners to generate new knowledge and evidence to identify the underlying causes of inequalities and poverty in all their dimensions and the progressive policies and practices that can help bring about transformative change.

Eradicating extreme poverty remains one of the world’s most pressing challenges, and addressing it requires the rising economic, social and political inequalities that harm people in rich and poor countries alike to be tackled.

IDS has also played a prominent part in promoting an approach that puts power at the heart of development analysis and contributed to strengthening understanding of the relationship between power, gender, sexual rights and poverty.

We continue to provide new analysis on inequalities and poverty trends, particularly in relation to the expansion of digital technologies and their impact on the lives of the poorest and most marginalised, and the growth of global cities and what this means for both urban and rural livelihoods, social relations and sustainability. Moreover, we work with governments, civil society, businesses and many others to help ensure this analysis shapes policies and programmes such as social protection and cash transfers to reduce poverty and vulnerability and strengthen livelihoods including agriculture.

People

Image of Danny Burns
Danny Burns

Professorial Research Fellow

Image of Deepta Chopra
Deepta Chopra

Research Fellow

Image of Jerker Edström
Jerker Edström

Research Fellow

Image of John Gaventa
John Gaventa

Director of Research

Image of Keetie Roelen
Keetie Roelen

Research Fellow / Co-Director, Centre for Social Protection

Image of Mary Wickenden
Mary Wickenden

Research Fellow

Image of Patricia Justino
Patricia Justino

Cluster Leader and Research Fellow

Programmes and centres

Projects

Recent work

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Report

Masculinities and Transition: Enduring Privilege?

There has been significant progress in gender equality globally over recent decades, such as in school enrolment or in labour force participation rates, and in certain groups of men’s and boys’ attitudes to gender equality; particularly among younger, educated males in urban areas. Yet,...

10 September 2019

Brief

Masculinities and Transition in Egypt: Country Brief

Gender and development research in Egypt tends to frame questions about men solely in terms of barriers to women’s economic advancement. Only recently have questions been raised about men’s own gendered experiences and attitudes, and how they experience the changes in gender relations...

Ramy Aly & 2 others

10 September 2019

Brief

Masculinities and Transition in Turkey: Country Brief

Despite a progressive legal framework and social and human resources policies aimed at benefiting women in Turkey, their labour force participation has remained low. Female entrepreneurship has become seen as a solution to increasing women’s role in the economy, whilst the role of men has...

10 September 2019

Brief

Masculinities and Transition in Ukraine: Country Brief

As Ukraine has attempted to distance itself from the Soviet past and to establish a strong and independent self-identity, ideals of masculinity and femininity have emerged that have both nationalist and traditionalist overtones. The respective emphasis on women’s domestic role and men’s role...

Charlie Walker & 2 others

10 September 2019

Opinion

Microfinanced land-grabs and abuses in Cambodia are no surprise

One day people may wonder how anyone thought that lending money at high interest rates would empower the poor. Yet since the 1980s, the small, high-interest loans that were initially known as microcredit, have been a staple of global development agencies’ toolkits. The non-profit microfinance...

6 September 2019

Publication

Assessing the Relative Importance of Causal Factors

CDI Practice Paper 21

While contribution analysis provides a basis for making causal claims and understanding how and why change occurs, it does not on its own estimate the relative importance, much less the size, of the causal factors at work. In this CDI Practice Paper written by John Mayne, we discuss ways of...

14 August 2019

Impact Story

Exploring how to improve wellbeing for urban refugees and their hosts

Huge numbers of people continue to flee the world’s most intractable conflicts. Many of these refugees are not destined for camps, but are increasingly channeled into urban informal settlements, chiefly in developing countries. With few signs of this abating, IDS has been working to improve...

6 August 2019

Publication

Pensioner Poverty

ESRC-DFID Research for Policy and Practice

This collection of ESRC-DFID funded research shows that in many settings, universal cash transfers and social pension programmes are providing much-needed financial support to older people.

31 July 2019