GLOBAL KNOWLEDGE FOR GLOBAL CHANGE

Poverty

IDS aims to develop research and analysis for an improved understanding of the geography and causes of poverty and vulnerability, and produce effective remedies towards poverty reduction.

Poverty research - woman on railway track

Just under one billion people in the world today live in extreme poverty. There are many dimensions to their deprivation, low and irregular incomes, lack of safe drinking water, poor housing, limited access to health and education, and social exclusion and discrimination. Their poverty makes them extremely vulnerable to life cycle, natural, or economic hazards. In many cases, extreme poverty persists over time.

Using a definition of chronic poverty as those people who remain under the poverty line for at least five years, approximately 400 million people in the world are chronically poor. The persistence of poverty over time eats into their assets and networks, undermining their resilience and voice. For a number of reasons, those affected by chronic and extreme poverty are often left out in policy initiatives. They are often harder to reach, require stronger and longer term support, and have limited political influence.

IDS work on poverty is led by the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction Team. The team aims to shift thinking, policy and practice towards dynamic and multi-dimensional perspectives on vulnerability and poverty.

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Photo of Becky Mitchell

Becky Mitchell - Research Officer - Conflict, Violence and Development Cluster

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Photo of Cathérine Müller, Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction research team

Cathérine Müller - Marie Curie Postdoctoral Researcher

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Photo of Chris Bene, ASP Programme Lead & Research Fellow, Vulnerability ad Poverty Reduction

Christophe Béné - Research Fellow

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Photo of Deborah Shenton, Team Administrative Coordinator, Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction

Deborah Shenton - Team Administrative Coordinator

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Photo of Edoardo Massett

Edoardo Masset - Research Fellow

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Photo of Inka Barnett

Inka Barnett - Research Fellow

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Photo of Jerker Edstrom

Jerker Edstrom - Research Fellow

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Photo of John Gaventa

John Gaventa - Director of Research

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Photo of Keetie Roelen, Research Fellow in the Centre for Social Protection, IDS

Keetie Roelen - Research Fellow

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Photo of Lars Otto Naess

Lars Otto Naess - Research Fellow

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Photo of Martin Greeley, IDS Research Fellow

Martin Greeley - Research Fellow

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IDS staff or research student

Michaelle Tauson - DPhil student

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Photo of Naomi Hossain, IDS Research Fellow

Naomi Hossain - Research Fellow

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Photo of Nick Nisbett, IDS Research Fellow in the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team

Nicholas Nisbett - Research Fellow

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Photo of Patricia Justino, IDS Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction Research Fellow

Patricia Justino - Team Leader and Research Fellow

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IDS staff or research student

Petra Bongartz - Research Officer

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Ricardo Santos - PhD Researcher

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Photo of Sir Richard Jolly

Richard Jolly - Research Associate

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Photo of Robert Chambers

Robert Chambers - Research Associate

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Photo of Rosemary McGee

Rosemary McGee - Research Fellow

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AFSPAN (Aquaculture for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation and Nutrition)

Aquaculture is widely considered as important for enhancing food security, alleviating poverty and improving nutrition. However, little information is available concerning the direct and indirect impacts of aquaculture on food security and poverty alleviation in most developing countries and LIFDCs. More details

Aid for Nutrition - How Much is Being Invested?

This project, funded by Action Against Hunger (AAH) includes a literature review of effectiveness of current nutrition spending, with a focus on which activities (and composition of activities) are required to meet 2015 targets and how these are currently defined by different donors. More details

Assessment of the Impact of Gender Equality Programming on Humanitarian Outcomes

This project will develop understanding of how and under what conditions GEP has or has not contributed to improved humanitarian outcomes. It will accumulate an evidence base that can be harnessed to inform decision makers' discussions in the area of GEP, and inform the design of gender-responsive humanitarian interventions. More details

Burundi Graduation Programme Evaluation

In December 2012, Concern Burundi launched its 'Graduation Model Programme' in two provinces in Burundi to work with extremely poor and marginalised communities. More details

Challenging the Investment Climate Paradigm: Governance and Growth in Vietnam

This project examines a key assumption which underlies one of the main approaches to poverty reduction currently advocated and practised by many international development agencies. More details

Child Vulnerability Assessment, UNICEF Myanmar

IDS has been commissioned to analyse the most recent Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) data and write a report on child vulnerability, which can be utilized for evidence based programming and advocacy to improve children's status in Myanmar. More details

China as the new 'shaper' of global development

The pace and significance of China's rise has implications for both traditional and emerging powers, as well as for developing countries. This plays a role for energy and climate change and for many other development issues. Rising Powers Network is a new network that will place China as the new 'shaper' of global development under the ESRC's Rising Power's Programme. More details

DAC Development Debate

On 13 June 2012 the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) hosted its third DAC Development Debate (DDD). Centring on the theme New poverty patterns: Where will the poor live? More details

Environment and PRSPs

This research project was initiated and conceptualised in the framework of the Poverty Environment Partnership (PEP), an informal network of around 30-donor and non-governmental organisations that works on strengthening the nexus between poverty reduction and environmental protection in development cooperation. More details

Future Research Leaders ‘Reducing Poverty in the First 18 years of Life'

This proposed research responds to these concerns by using monetary and non-monetary measures to analyse child poverty dynamics, assessing overlaps and mismatches between those measures and investigating reasons for potential differences More details

Protecting the rural poor against the economic consequences of major illness

Major illness in the family has become an important cause of household impoverishment in China and the ex-command economies of Southeast Asia, as these countries have managed the transition to a market economy. More details

Research on the Poverty Impact of Market and Enabling Business Environment Programmes in Kenya

To what extent does private sector development work in Kenya contribute to a reduction in poverty and inequality? This review aims to assess the evidence base for DFID Kenya’s Wealth Creation Pillar programming. More details

Researching the Links between Social Protection and Children’s Care

This project aims to investigate the links between social protection and children's care. More details

Researching the Links Between Social Protection and Children's Care

The EveryChild Coalition on Children Without Parental Care, and the Centre of Social Protection at IDS are planning joint research on the links between social protection and children's care. More details

SendasAL - research and knowledge on gender inequality, social justice and poverty reduction

SendasAL is a joint project between BRIDGE and Uruguayan NGO Ciedur providing a Spanish web-space for sharing and promoting resources which support gender equality, social justice and poverty reduction in Latin America. More details

Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS) Centre

The STEPS Centre is an interdisciplinary global research and policy engagement hub, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council. It aims to develop a new approach to understanding, action and communication on sustainability and development. More details

States Delivering for Poor People

This project entails an initial scoping study in Rajasthan and Western UP to firm up research questions that are relevant and useful for understanding the politics and implementation of the MGNREGA. More details

Study on Child Well-Being in Kazakhstan

In Kazakhstan UNICEF are embarking on new child well-being research to better understand the vulnerabilities that children experience in this country. UNICEF has partnered with the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and with the Institute of Development Studies to undertake this research. More details

Systematic Review of Private Participation in Infrastructure

The purpose of this review is to inform Development Finance Institution (DFI) policy so as to improve the development outcomes resulting from their engagement in the infrastructure sectors of low income countries. More details

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Non-IDS publication

Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar: Zanzibar Social Protection Policy

This policy report offers an in-depth analysis of the Zanzibar Social Protection Policy, as well as mapping poverty and vulnerability on the island. More details

ER86 Front Cover

Maximisation of Benefits for the Poor of Investments in Renewable Electricity: A Policy Tool for Project Planning

Energy poverty is a major development issue: nearly 1.2 billion people, or close to one-fifth of the world’s population, have no access to electricity. Close to 85 per cent of them live in rural areas After falling out of favour in the 1980s, electrification is again seen as central to poverty reduction efforts. More details

ER83 Front Cover

Brazil Public Opinion Monitor: Causes of Poverty Survey Results

The Brazil Public Opinion Monitor (BPOM) is a longitudinal panel of 2,672 opinion leaders from across Brazil. It aims to provide an ongoing monitor of opinions and perspectives on the economic and social development of Brazil, and on Brazil’s place in the wider world. More details

ER85 Front Cover

South Africa Public Opinion Monitor: Causes of Poverty Survey Results

The South Africa Public Opinion Monitor (SAPOM) is a longitudinal panel of 2,526 opinion leaders from across South Africa that aims to provide an ongoing monitor of opinions and perspectives on the economic and social development of South Africa, and on South Africa’s place in the wider world. More details

ER80 Front Cover

Sex Workers, Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation in Ethiopia

This case study explores economic, legal and social issues that affect sex workers, with a particular focus on the role of poverty in sex workers’ lives and the potential for poverty alleviation policies and programmes to help lift as many sex workers as possible out of poverty in order to reduce the exploitation, illness and violence associated with their work. More details

IDS publications on international development research

MQSUN Inception Report and Design Document: Impact Evaluation of the DFID Programme to Accelerate Improved Nutrition for the Extreme Poor in Bangladesh, Phase II

This Inception Report presents the objectives, design, expected outputs and governance of the Department for International Development (DFID)-funded MQSUN project, entitled ‘Impact Evaluation of the DFID Programme to Accelerate Improved Nutrition for the Extreme Poor in Bangladesh’. More details

Exercising my Rights: Ethical Choices and Moral Predicaments in Accessing Government Documents

This book should have wide appeal to undergraduates, postgraduates, and early-career researchers working under the broad umbrella of development studies. Although focused on fieldwork in the Global South, the discussions and reflections are relevant to field research in many other countries and contexts. More details

Fieldwork in the Global South

The chapters cover fieldwork carried out in countries across Africa, Asia, and Latin America on a broad sweep of development-related topics. This book should have wide appeal to undergraduates, postgraduates, and early-career researchers working under the broad umbrella of development studies. More details

Evidence Report 55 Front Cover

Literature Review on Sexuality and Poverty

This review contributes to the larger Sexuality, Poverty and Law Theme of the Accountable Grant, which aims to produce evidence-based, practical options for activists and policymakers for strengthening legal protection of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersexed, questioning people and for sexual rights more generally. More details

Evidence report 53 teaser image

Sexuality and Poverty Synthesis Report

This report synthesises learning from these audits and is part of a larger project that focuses on understanding the links between sexuality, gender plurality and poverty with the aim of improving socioeconomic policy and programming to support people marginalised because of their sexuality. More details

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Civilian Resistance to Rebel Governance

This paper presents a theory of civilian resistance against armed groups’ rule. It argues that rebel or paramilitary governance limited to the spheres of public order and tax collection tends to trigger only partial resistance—that is, opposition to some aspects of rule, without demanding its removal. More details

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Wartime Institutions: A Research Agenda

This paper proposes a new research agenda on local wartime institutions. It focuses on the locality because war often segments territory, making localities the key locus of choice. To advance this research agenda this paper argues there is, indeed, great variation in wartime local institutions by relying on systematic, quantitative and qualitative original data on Colombia. More details

Development and Welfare Policy in South Asia

This book sheds light on social policies in six South Asian countries introduced between 2003 and 2013, examining the ways in which these policies have come about, and what this reflects about the nature of the state in each of these countries. More details

This is the cover image of the book, 'A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence and Development'.

A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence and Development

Published by Oxford University Press, this volume presents an innovative new analytical framework for understanding the dynamics of violent conflict and its impact on people and communities living in contexts of violence. More details

Making the Urban Poor Safe: Lessons from Nairobi and Maharashtra

Making the Urban Poor Safer: Lessons from Nairobi and Maharashtra

The most impoverished neighbourhoods of Nairobi and Mumbai are characterised by severe lack of service provision, poor access to employment opportunities and urban violence. More details

Non-IDS publication

Urban Settings as an Opportunity for Realizing All Child Rights

This brief focuses on the challenges posed by urban poverty and exclusion, and the need to ensure that urban settings live up to their potential for realizing the rights of all children as the region continues to develop rapidly. More details

This is the image for IDS Working Paper 434, 'Towards a Quantifiable Measure of Resilience'.

Towards a Quantifiable Measure of Resilience

The objective of this paper is twofold. First it illustrates and discusses some of the challenges related to the measurement of resilience by reviewing some of the most recently published and grey literature on resilience in relation to food security. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Pervasive But Not the Political Order: Violence, Xenophobia and Insecurity in Townships

Policy Brief 5 emerging from the ESRC- DfID funded project "Agency and Governance in the Context of Civil Conflict" More details

IDS publications on international development research

How Do Endemic Riots Affect Poor Urban Households? New Data From India

Policy Brief 4 emerging from the ESRC- DfID funded project "Agency and Governance in the Context of Civil Conflict" More details

From Poverty Traps to Indigenous Philanthropy: Complexity in a Rapidly Changing World

Poverty persists around the world and is exacerbated by growing inequality especially within countries. More details

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research and analysis for an improved understanding of the geography and causes of poverty and vulnerability