Based on a new JICA Research Institute Working Paper (No. 131), this lecture aims to present updated estimates of China’s foreign aid between 2001 and 2014 as a proxy for China’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) as defined by the OECD-DAC, and to compare the results with the ODA of other DAC members. An estimation process is introduced which has been modified from the one proposed in the previous work.
China’s net foreign aid increased steadily from US$ 5.2 billion in 2012 to US$ 5.4 billion in 2013 and unexpectedly dropped to US$ 4.9 billion in 2014. Since 2013, China has maintained its ranking at number 9. China’s bilateral foreign aid has been ranked at number 6, next to Japan and France, since 2012, while multilateral foreign aid has been relatively less significant. As a reference, it is estimated that net disbursements of preferential export buyer’s credits decreased from US$ 4.9 billion in 2012 to US$ 4.7 billion in 2013, and increased again to US$ 6.1 billion in 2014. China’s foreign aid is expected to increase and catch up with the top five DAC members in the foreseeable future.
Dr. Naohiro Kitano is Director of JICA Research Institute (JICA-RI), Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). In 1983, he graduated from Civil Engineering Department, Waseda University and joined former Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund, Japan (OECF). Prior to the current assignment, he served as Associate Professor, Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University, Director General, Development Assistance Department II, Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), Director General, East and Central Asia and the Caucasus Department, JICA, and Deputy Director, JICA Research Institute. He studied in Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing from 1981 to 1982, and obtained Ph.D. (City and Regional Planning) from Cornell University in 1997.