The vast majority of developing countries have undergone a process of trade liberalisation, so the choice open to them is not whether to integrate into the global economy but how. It is this question of how that drives this chapter.
Cite this publication
Schmitz, H. (2003) ‘Clusters and Chains: How Interfirm Organisation Influences Industrial Upgrading’, in J. Cassiolato, H. Lastres and M.L. Maciel (eds), Systems of Innovation and Development: Evidence from Brazil, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar