Book Chapter

Clusters and Chains: How Interfirm Organization Influences Industrial Upgrading

Published on 1 January 2003

The vast majority of developing countries have undergone a process of trade liberalisation, so the choice open to them is not whether to integrate into the global economy but how. It is this question of how that drives this chapter.

Cite this publication

Schmitz, H. (2003) ‘Clusters and Chains: How Interfirm Organisation Influences Industrial Upgrading’, in J. Cassiolato, H. Lastres and M.L. Maciel (eds), Systems of Innovation and Development: Evidence from Brazil, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar


Hubert Schmitz

Emeritus Fellow


José E. Cassiolato
Helena M.M. Lastres
Maria Lucia Maciel

Publication details

published by
Edward Elgar Publishing


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