IDS Policy Briefing;155

Jobs for Ex-Militants in the Niger Delta – Why Isn’t the Private Sector Involved?

Published on 1 August 2018

At the end of violent conflict, the most difficult task for most countries is the reintegration of former combatants into civilian life and employment. Failure to do this can leave the door open for further protests and social disorder.

In 2009, after a five-year armed rebellion by militants against the government and the oil industry in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, the presidency implemented the Post-Amnesty Programme (PAP). Unfortunately, the PAP’s design failed to take the labour needs of the private sector into account, leaving many ex-combatants without the right skills to find employment and reliant on a monthly stipend from the government. The Nigerian government needs a deeper understanding of the private sector to mitigate the risk of rising unemployment and a breakdown of law and order in the Niger Delta.

Cite this publication

Ebiede, T.M. (2018) 'Jobs for Ex-Militants in the Niger Delta – Why Isn’t the Private Sector Involved?', IDS Policy Briefing 155, Brighton: IDS

Citation copied


Image of Tarila Marclint Ebiede

Tarila Marclint Ebiede

Brussels School of Governance and the Centre for Research on Peace and Development, KU Leuven, Belgium

Publication details

published by


About this publication

Related content