Today climate change adaptation is a mainstream development issue. The UK Government-commissioned Stern Review last year analysed the economics of adaptation and NGO campaigns have focused on its justice and equity dimensions. The challenge now is to embed adaptation within wider development debates and practices. This issue of In Focus comprises eight two-page briefing notes on a variety of topics related to adaptation. They draw on research conducted by IDS Fellows and their research partners to highlight ongoing work on reducing vulnerability and poverty in a changing climate.