Conflict and Violence

Our work provides a nuanced and realistic understanding of the relationship between violence, conflict, security and development. It aims to help policymakers, practitioners and citizens to develop policies and practices that strengthen people’s efforts to secure their own lives and livelihoods and improve the functioning of political institutions responsible for security and the management and prevention of conflict, and for the development of peace.

We examine the multiple layers and contexts in which violence manifests – from household to state and global level – and pinpoint the links and overlaps between these layers. This includes exploring the nature of, and responses to conflict and violence in rapidly expanding urban areas.  We have a done pioneering work on the dynamics of micro-level conflict, violence and development as well as on citizen action in violent contexts. Our research on gender, men and masculinities and gender-based violence has provided new insights on how to change attitudes, norms and behaviours for equality, peace and justice.

Another focal area is the dynamics of policy processes around conflict, violence and security examining the key framing and narratives. We explore non-traditional forms of security, especially linked to water, energy, food and health as well as post conflict and state building issues affecting service delivery and livelihoods, and are also developing new participatory approaches to peacebuilding. 


Image of Patricia Justino

Patricia Justino

Professorial Fellow

Image of Rebecca Mitchell

Rebecca Mitchell

Postgraduate Researcher and Programme Manager

Image of Gauthier Marchais

Gauthier Marchais

Research Fellow

Image of Jeremy Allouche

Jeremy Allouche

Professorial Fellow

Image of Jeremy Lind

Jeremy Lind

Research Fellow

Image of Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mora

Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mora

Post Doctoral Researcher

Image of Marinella Leone

Marinella Leone

Research Fellow

Image of Robin Luckham

Robin Luckham

Emeritus Fellow

Programmes and centres

Recent work

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US abortion ruling is a rights, public health, and even humanitarian crisis

Sexual, reproductive health and rights – including the right and ability to access safe abortion – have long been among the last priorities in health systems, not least because those who benefit from them the most are often the most marginalised and vulnerable. As social science and public...

29 June 2022


Stories of change from the STEPS Centre

A set of 11 new ‘stories of change’ charts the journey of the ESRC STEPS (Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability) Centre since 2006 through major debates and movements on sustainability. © Image: Marcus Mailov (cc by-nc-nd 2.0) Since being co-founded by...

29 June 2022


The growth of urban agriculture in Zimbabwe

The growth of urban agriculture in Zimbabwe has been phenomenal. Every space seems to be cultivated, with a huge array of crops. Today you see tractors, irrigation pumps, trucks carrying produce to markets, with significant investments in commercialised agriculture happening alongside...

28 June 2022


Loliondo evictions: bad for people, conservation and pastoralism

On 7 June, a paramilitary group estimated to be around 700 people – mostly police, park rangers, military and other security forces – arrived in the Loliondo area of Ngorongoro, Tanzania. Violence followed, including the shooting and arrests of local residents protesting against the...

Lucas Yamat

Pablo Manzano

28 June 2022


Gender and Tax: Gender Equality Meets Economic Growth

K4D Tax and Gender Learning Journey

Women’s equal participation in an economy means they pay and benefit from fair taxes. This policy brief from the Knowledge, Evidence and Learning for Development (K4D) Programme shares key messages and recommendations for more gender-inclusive tax programmes. Given that gender issues...

Berni Smith

28 June 2022